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Building Assessments and Rubble Removal in Quake-Affected Neighborhoods in Haiti.

The United States is home to the largest Haitian migrant population, with significant numbers also living in the Dominican Republic (329,000), Canada (93,000), France (74,000), and the Bahamas (28,000). Following the 2010 earthquake, a large number of Haitians also migrated to Brazil to seek work, but amid economic and political turmoil there in the last several years, many have moved on to destinations including Chile and the United States. Governments in Central America were overwhelmed in 2016 when tens of thousands of Haitians made their way northward, prompting border closures and buildups of migrants in camps along the route. Responding to the surge in Haitians arriving at the U.S.-Mexico border, the Obama administration in late 2016 resumed deportations of Haitians ordered removed.

Click here to view an interactive map showing where migrants from Haiti (and elsewhere) have settled internationally.


Using data from the U.S. Census Bureau (the most recent 2015 American Community Survey [ACS] and pooled 2011-15 ACS data), the Department of Homeland Security’s Yearbook of Immigration Statistics, and World Bank annual remittances data, this Spotlight provides information on the Haitian immigrant population in the United States, examining its, geographic distribution, and socioeconomic characteristics.

Definitions

The U.S. Census Bureau defines the foreign born as individuals who had no U.S. citizenship at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized citizens, lawful permanent residents, refugees and asylees, legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

The terms foreign born and immigrant are used interchangeably and refer to those who were born in another country and later emigrated to the United States. 

Click on the bullet points below for more information:

Distribution by State and Key Cities

In 2011-15, two states were home to nearly 70 percent of Haitians: Florida and New York. The counties with the greatest number of Haitians were Miami-Dade County, FL; Broward County, FL; Kings County, NY; and Palm Beach County, FL. Together, these counties accounted for about 44 percent of the total Haitian population in the United States.

Figure 2. Top Destination States for Haitians in the United States, 2011-15

Note: Pooled 2011-15 ACS data were used to get statistically valid estimates at the state level for smaller-population geographies. Not shown are populations in Alaska and Hawaii, which are small in size; for details, visit the Migration Policy Institute (MPI) Data Hub for an interactive map showing geographic distribution of immigrants by state and county, available online.
Source: MPI tabulation of data from the U.S. Census Bureau pooled 2011-15 ACS.

Click here for an interactive map that shows the geographic distribution of immigrants by state and county. Select Haiti or another country from the dropdown menu to see which states and counties have the most immigrants.

The metropolitan areas with the most Haitian immigrants in 2011-15 are the greater Miami, New York, Boston, and Orlando areas. These four metro areas accounted for 74 percent of Haitians in the United States.

Figure 3. Top Metropolitan Destinations for Haitians in the United States, 2011-15

Note: Pooled 2011-15 ACS data were used to get statistically valid estimates at the metropolitan statistical-area level for smaller-population geographies.
Source: MPI tabulation of data from the U.S. Census Bureau pooled 2011-15 ACS.

Click here for an interactive map showing the concentration of immigrants by metropolitan area. Select Haiti or another origin country from the dropdown menu to see which metro areas have the most immigrants.