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“Birthplace of winter tourism”

In 1994, the United Nations identified three forms of tourism in its Recommendations on Tourism Statistics:[22]

  • Domestic tourism, involving residents of the given country traveling only within this country
  • Inbound tourism, involving non-residents traveling in the given country
  • Outbound tourism, involving residents traveling in another country

The terms tourism and travel are sometimes used interchangeably. In this context, travel has a similar definition to tourism, but implies a more purposeful journey. The terms tourism and tourist are sometimes used pejoratively, to imply a shallow interest in the cultures or locations visited. By contrast, traveler is often used as a sign of distinction. The sociology of tourism has studied the cultural values underpinning these distinctions and their implications for class relations.[23]

Tourism Divide by UNWTO[edit]

1. Natural based tourism

1.1 Ecotourism

1.2 Marine Ecotourism

1.3 Geo-Tourism

1.4 Agro-tourism

1.5 Astrological Tourism

2. Cultural Based Tourism