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assets assessments as a profile of the health status of the community and the population

There are different types of program evaluation. The type or types selected will depend on the
purpose of the evaluation, the questions asked by your stakeholders, the proposed uses of
evaluation findings, the stage of program development and the resources available for
FHOP Planning Guide 76
evaluation. The major types of program evaluation are described below. There may be
variations and combinations of these.
Needs and Assets Assessments
Needs and assets assessments provide a profile of the health status of the community and
the population of interest and identify health, health access, and health care problems and
strengths. The usual methods used to assist a needs and assets assessment are the
development and tracking of population health indicators using secondary data sources,
surveys/questionnaires and focus groups. Chapter II describes a community level needs
and assets assessment in detail.
Formative Evaluations
Formative evaluations are used during the initial intervention planning or early stages of
program implementation to determine the feasibility of implementing the intervention
activities and to assist in refining or redefining activities to make them more effective.
Formative evaluations are useful in answering questions about the validity of the theory of
change that has guided the intervention development and the way that the intervention
design puts that theory into practice. They are also helpful in assessing whether an
intervention is acceptable to the target population. The usual methods used to assist in this
type of evaluation are surveys, focus groups, literature review, logic models and process
(activity) monitoring.
Process Evaluations
Process evaluations are used in the early stages of implementation of a program to assist in
determining whether the planned resources (inputs) have been actualized and whether the
expected program services (outputs) are being delivered. A process evaluation is also used
on an ongoing basis, providing periodic feedback, to assist further program development
and management. It tells us whether the program is implemented and operating as planned
and assists in identifying program delivery problems. It does not assess the outcome or
results of program activities. The methods used are identification of process measures
(measures of resources and service delivery), their tracking and comparison with objectives,
activity targets or plans. Surveys such as satisfaction surveys, case studies and informal
internal assessments may also be used.